Modern experience in the use of organizational & economic mechanism of regulation of the process of fundamental scientific knowledge’ production



Słowa kluczowe:

fundamental scientific research (FSR), FSR models, FSR forms, organizational and economic mechanism of FSR regulation


The subject of the research is cross-country comparisons of models of organizational and economic mechanism of regulation (OEMR) of processes of production of fundamental scientific knowledge (FSK) during the organization of basic scientific research (FSR) by academic institutions. The ultimate goal of the development of OEMR and the task of conducting FSR is formulated. The hypothesis about the possibility of effective implementation of OEMR FSR in the case of clear definition of subjects and forms of regulation is substantiated. The thesis on the expediency of structuring OEMR FSR with the separation of levels of systematization of scientific knowledge as an object of regulation, conceptual components, subject content of FSK subsystems, elements of the FSK formation cycle in the process of solving partial cognitive problems of fundamental scientific theories (FNT), functional levels principles and criteria for ensuring the effectiveness of non-monotonic abductive FSR, distinguishing tools for providing analytical and regulatory functions.

The research method is to generalize the features of national models of public regulation of FSR, which differ in proportions and combination of methods of direct administration and create conditions for independent choice of subjects of directions and options of R&D under the influence of dynamic updating of axiological concept of FSR. There are methods of using power competencies to form and use basic research competencies of FSR subjects in the field of FSR production – direct administrative influence, formal-mechanistic solidarity of subjects within the functioning of academic research networks, external value orientation and motivation of FSR subjects. The list of methods of stimulating innovative renewal of practical and transformative competencies in the field of FSK functioning includes methods of indirect regulatory influence, contractual solidarity of FSR subjects within the functioning of voluntary/temporary professional research networks, internal value and identification orientation of FSR subjects, global standards of practical and transformative competencies of FSR subjects in the field of FSK formation.

The result of the study is to identify the main types of models with a detailed description of the practical principles of the implementation of FSR in the countries that represent them. The difference in the potential of FSR implementation depends on the ability of national institutions to organize the processes of conducting cyclical program research in order to increase the background design knowledge of the most universal nature.


Achinstein, P., Barker, S. F. (1969). The Legacy of Logical Positivism: Studies in the Philosophy of Science. Johns Hopkins Press.

Arsawan, I. W. E., Koval, V., Rajiani, I., Rustiarini, N. W., Supartha, W. G. & Suryantini, N. P. S. (2020). Leveraging knowledge sharing and innovation culture into SMEs sustainable competitive advantage. International Journal of Productivity and Performance Management, Vol. ahead-of-print No. ahead-of-print.

Ayer, A. (ed.) (1959). Logical positivism. (accessed: 28th November 2020).

Bogomolov, A. S. (1962). Filosofiya anglo-amerikanskogo neorealizma [Philosophy of Anglo-American Neorealism]. Izd-vo Mosk. un-ta, Moscow.

Bogomolov, A. S. (1969). Nemetskaya burzhuaznaya filosofiya posle 1865 g. [German bourgeois philosophy after 1865]. Izd-vo Mosk. un-ta, Moscow.

Campbell, D. (1980). Modeli eksperimentov v sotsial’noy psikhologii i prikladnykh issledovaniyakh [Models of Experiments in Social Psychology and Applied Research]. Progress. v_socialnoi_psikhologii_i_prikladnykh_issledovanijakh.pdf (accessed: 28th November 2020).

Carnap, R. (1971). Filosofskiye osnovaniya fiziki. Vvedeniye v filosofiyu nauki [Philosophical Foundations of Physics. Introduction to the philosophy of science]. Progress, Moscow.

Charlesworth, M. J. (1959). Philosophy and Linguistic Analysis. Duquesne University, Pittsburg.

Dewey, J. (2001). Rekonstruktsiya v filosofii [Reconstruction in Philosophy]. Zanadvorov, M.; Shikov, M. (Trans). Logos, Moscow.

Filstein, L. M., Malakhovskyi, Yu. V., Kanso, A. A. (2016). Metodolohichni pidkhody do stratehichnoho upravlinnya rozvytkom mezosystem v strukturi natsional'noyi ekonomiky [Methodological approaches to strategic management of mesosystem development in the structure of the national economy]. Scientific works of Kirovograd National Technical University. Economic sciences, 30, 266–274.

Frank, F. (2007). Filosofiya nauki: Svyaz’ mezhdu naukoy i filosofiyey [Philosophy of Science: Communication between Science and Philosophy], ed. 2nd, Kursanov, G.A. (Trans.). Izdatel’stvo LKI, Moscow. (accessed: 16th October 2020).

Gryaznova, A. F. (ed.) (1993). Analiticheskaya filosofiya: Izbrannyye teksty [Analytical philosophy: Selected texts]. Izd-vo MGU, Moscow.

Hanson, N. R. (1970). Perception and Discovery: An Introduction to Scientific Inquiry. Wadsworth Pub Co.

Holton, G. (1988). Thematic Origins of Scientific Thought: Kepler to Einstein. Harvard University Press.

Husserl, E. (1994). Filosofiya kak strogaya nauka [Philosophy as a strict science]. Saguna, Novocherkassk.

James, W., Russell, B. (2010). Vvedeniye v filosofiyu. Problemy filosofii [Introduction to Philosophy. Philosophy problems], 318. Republic, Moscow.

Laudan, L. (1966). “Nauka i tsennosti. Sovremennaya filosofiya nauki: znaniye, ratsional’nost’, tsennosti v trudakh mysliteley Zapada: khrestomatiya” [„Modern philosophy of science: knowledge, rationality, values in the works of Western thinkers: a reader”], Pechenkina, A. A. (Trans.). Moskow: Logos.

Lorenz, K. (1978). Behind the Mirror: A Search for a Natural History of Human Knowledge. Mariner Books.

Malakhovsky, Yu. V., Kanso, A., Khaidura, H. (2018). Teoriya ta praktyka formuvannya sotsialʹnoho kapitalu naukovo-osvitnʹoho klasteru rehionalʹnoyi innovatsiynoyi ekosystemy na bazi tekhnichnoho universytetu [Theory and practice of formation of social capital of scientific and educational cluster of regional innovation ecosystem on the basis of technical university]. Central Ukrainian Scientific Bulletin. Economic sciences, 1(34), 269–280.

Narsky, I. S. (1961). Sovremennyy pozitivizm [Modern positivism]. AS SSSR, Moscow.

Panin, A. V. (1981). Dialekticheskiy materializm i postpozitivizm (kriticheskiy analiz nekotorykh sovremennykh burzhuaznykh kontseptsiy nauki) [Dialectical materialism and post-positivism (a critical analysis of some modern bourgeois concepts of science)]. Izd-vo MGU, Moscow.

Petrova, M., Koval, V., Tepavicharova, M., Zerkal, A., Radchenko, A. & Bondarchuk, N. (2020). The interaction between the human resources motivation and the commitment to the organization. Journal of Security and Sustainability Issues, 9(3), 897–907.

Piaget, J. (1971). Biology and knowledge: An essay on the relations between organic regulations and cognitive processes. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press.

Polanyi, M. Lichnostnoye znaniye. Na puti k postkriticheskoy filosofii / Personal knowledge. Towards Post-Critical Philosophy. Progress, Moscow.

Ruse, M. (2009). Philosophy after Darwin: Classic and Contemporary Readings. Princeton University Press.

Shapira, P., Youtie, J. (2010). The Innovation System and Innovation Policy in the United States. In R. Frietsch & M. Schüller (Ed.), Competing for Global Innovation Leadership: Innovation Systems and Policies in the USA, EU and Asia. Stuttgart: Fraunhofer IRB, 5–20. (accessed: 5th November 2020).

Toulmin, S. (1978). Kontseptual’nyye revolyutsii v nauke. Struktura razvitiya nauki [Conceptual revolutions in science. The structure of the development of science], [in]: From Boston Studies in Philosophy of Science. (accessed: 18th November 2020).

Vollmer, G. (1998). Evolyutsionnaya teoriya poznaniya. Vrozhdonnyye struktury poznaniya v kontekste biologii, psikhologii, lingvistiki, filosofii i teorii nauki [Evolutionary theory of knowledge. Inborn structures of cognition in the context of biology, psychology, linguistics, philosophy and theory of science]. Progress, Moscow.



Jak cytować

Al-Ghazali, A. S. A. (2020). Modern experience in the use of organizational & economic mechanism of regulation of the process of fundamental scientific knowledge’ production. Współczesne Problemy Zarządzania, 8(2(17), 105–119.